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Everything about Cloth Diaper Inserts: Materials, Care, and Combinations

Judes Stoffwindel Einlagen Material Innenwindel Überhose Wetbag


In modern parenting, the search for eco-friendly and healthy alternatives for the care of our children is central. Cloth diapers play a crucial role in this context. They are not only sustainable but also beneficial for your baby's health. Unlike disposable diapers, which often contain chemicals and produce massive amounts of waste, cloth diapers provide a natural and safe environment.

Cloth diapers are an effective response to the growing environmental concerns and the desire for natural baby care. They reduce the waste generated by disposable products and avoid the use of harmful chemicals that can irritate the delicate baby skin. They also support breathable skin care, promote development, and eliminate the risk of diaper dermatitis.

Are cloth diapers easy to maintain? Cloth diapers are easy to maintain as long as a simple routine is established. With modern washing machines and eco-friendly detergents, they can be effectively cleaned and are quickly ready for use again. The care requirements vary depending on the material, but overall, they are perfectly suitable for daily use.

A key aspect of cloth diapers is the use of various liner materials, which affect absorption capacity, wearing comfort, and ease of care. Judes relies on 100% organic cotton for inner diapers and booster inserts, as well as PUL for the outer covers. PUL (polyurethane laminate) is a waterproof, breathable, and flexible material commonly used for cloth diaper covers. It securely locks in moisture while letting the skin breathe. These materials stand for highest quality, sustainability and skin compatibility.

What types of cloth diaper inserts are there?

  • Booster: Additional inserts that increase the absorbency of the diaper, ideal for nighttime or for babies who urinate a lot.
  • Inserts: Liners that are directly placed in the diaper and responsible for the main part of absorption.
  • Prefolds: Pre-folded fabric liners that offer flexibility in adjusting absorbency.
  • Flats: Simple cloth diapers that can be folded in various techniques.

Parents can adapt cloth diapers to their baby's needs by choosing good materials and combining different types of inserts. The materials used by Judes for its cloth diapers are the best choice for environmentally conscious families who value quality, sustainability, and their baby's health.

What Materials Are Used for Cloth Diaper Inserts?

For cloth diaper inserts, various materials are used, each offering different properties and benefits. Here is an overview of the most common fabrics:

  • Cotton: A classic, natural material, known for its durability and absorbency. For those who value environmentally friendly cultivation and the absence of chemicals, Judes's organic cotton is the best choice. 
  • Bamboo: Derived from the bamboo plant, it is notable for its softness and absorbency. Bamboo is also known for its antibacterial properties.
  • Hemp: A sturdy material made from the hemp plant, valued for its durability, high absorbency, and environmentally friendly cultivation qualities.
  • Wool: Obtained from sheep wool, it is naturally water-repellent and breathable, ideal for diaper covers. Wool is self-cleaning and particularly kind to the skin.
  • Microfiber: A synthetic fabric known for its quick absorption and drying ability, however, it should not be placed directly against the baby's skin.
  • PUL (Polyurethane Laminate): A waterproof yet breathable material, primarily used for covers. PUL makes the diaper leak-proof while allowing the skin to breathe.
Judes Changing Table Basket Cloth Diaper Inserts Material

Photo by @ammenmaerchen

What Are the Characteristics of Materials for Cloth Diapers?


Cotton is a natural material valued for its versatility and performance. At Judes, we use 100% organic cotton for our inner diapers and booster inserts to provide the best possible characteristics.

  • Absorbency: Cotton has a good natural absorbency, effectively soaking up fluids and keeping the baby dry.
  • Breathability: The fabric allows the skin to breathe, reducing the risk of heat build-up and ensuring a comfortable diaper climate.
  • Softness: Organic cotton is exceptionally soft and gentle on sensitive baby skin, increasing wearing comfort.
  • Drying Time: The material dries relatively quickly, especially when air-dried, which minimizes care effort.
  • Skin Compatibility: The natural fibers of organic cotton are hypoallergenic, reducing the risk of skin irritations and allergies.
  • Ecological Balance and Sustainability: Organic cotton is grown without the use of harmful chemicals, making it an eco-friendly choice. Its production conserves resources and promotes biodiversity.

Pros and Cons:

  • Advantages: Cotton is durable, easy to care for, and environmentally friendly. Its breathability and skin compatibility make it an ideal material for cloth diapers.
  • Disadvantages: Compared to some synthetic materials, cotton can have a longer drying time. Since Judes's cloth diapers can be dried in the dryer, they are quickly ready for use again.


Bamboo is becoming an increasingly popular material in the world of cloth diapers, valued for its environmentally friendly properties and its adequate performance as a diaper fabric.

  • Absorbency: Bamboo is known for its exceptional absorbency. This makes the material an excellent choice for long wearing times or overnight use.
  • Breathability: Bamboo fibers are naturally breathable, which helps to keep the skin dry and comfortable, reducing the risk of diaper rash.
  • Softness: One of the most remarkable features of the fabric is its softness, which remains even after repeated washing. This makes bamboo particularly gentle on sensitive baby skin.
  • Drying Time: The material may have a longer drying time than cotton, especially when air-dried. This can be a disadvantage when quick drying times are desired.
  • Skin Compatibility: Bamboo is naturally hypoallergenic and antimicrobial, reducing the risk of skin irritations and making it ideal for babies with sensitive skin.
  • Ecological Balance and Sustainability: Bamboo is a fast-growing resource that can be cultivated without the use of pesticides. Its environmentally friendly properties make it a sustainable choice for cloth diapers.

Pros and Cons:

  • Advantages: Bamboo offers excellent absorbency, breathability, and softness, combined with hypoallergenic and antimicrobial properties. Its environmentally friendly production emphasizes the sustainability of this material.
  • Disadvantages: The longer drying time can be viewed as a disadvantage. Additionally, the manufacture of bamboo viscose, the most commonly used bamboo fiber for diapers, is a chemical process that can increase environmental impact.



Wool is a traditional and natural material that is valued in modern cloth diapering for its unique properties, especially as a material for covers.

  • Absorbency: While wool itself has limited absorbency, it is appreciated in cloth diapers for its ability to repel and insulate moisture. It can absorb liquid without feeling wet.
  • Breathability: Wool is breathable and keeps the skin dry and at a comfortable temperature by allowing air circulation and transporting moisture away from the body.
  • Softness: High-quality wool fabrics are soft and comfortable on the skin without itching, making them suitable for sensitive baby skin.
  • Drying Time: Wool items may take longer to dry than other materials, which should be considered in their care.
  • Skin Compatibility: Wool is naturally hypoallergenic and well-suited for babies with sensitive skin. Its natural properties help to avoid skin irritations.
  • Environmental Impact and Sustainability: As a natural material, wool is biodegradable and generally produced sustainably. Sheep produce new wool annually, making it a renewable resource.

Pros and Cons:

  • Pros: The breathable and water-repellent properties of wool are ideal for use in cloth diaper covers. The fabric supports a healthy skin environment and provides a natural alternative to synthetic materials.
  • Cons: Wool covers require special care, including lanolinization, to maintain their water-repellent properties. This can be perceived as additional effort for some parents. Additionally, wool items are often more expensive to purchase.


Hemp is an increasingly popular material in the world of cloth diapers, known for its robustness and eco-friendly properties.

  • Absorbency: Hemp is among the most absorbent materials used in cloth diapers. Its ability to absorb several times its own weight in liquid makes it ideal for long wear times and overnight diapers.
  • Breathability: The fabric offers good breathability, contributing to temperature regulation of the skin and reducing moisture buildup, which lowers the risk of diaper rash.
  • Softness: Although naturally robust, the fabric becomes softer with each wash without losing strength, ensuring long-term comfort for the baby.
  • Drying Time: Hemp has a longer drying time compared to materials like cotton, which should be considered in the care routine.
  • Skin Compatibility: It is hypoallergenic and well suited for babies with sensitive skin. Its low tendency to develop odors and antimicrobial properties are additional advantages.
  • Environmental Impact and Sustainability: Hemp is a fast-growing, resilient crop that requires little water and no pesticides. Its production has a low ecological footprint, making it one of the most sustainable options for cloth diapers.

Pros and Cons:

  • Pros: Hemp offers exceptional absorbency, durability, and eco-friendliness. Its hypoallergenicity and natural resistance to microbes are particularly beneficial for sensitive baby skin.
  • Cons: The initial stiffness and longer drying times can be seen as a downside. Moreover, hemp is often more expensive to purchase than other materials.


Microfiber is a synthetic material known in the world of cloth diapers for its absorbency and quick drying time.

  • Absorbency: Microfiber is characterized by its high absorbency and can quickly soak up liquids. This makes it a popular choice for the inner layer of cloth diapers to keep the skin dry.
  • Breathability: Although microfiber effectively absorbs moisture, its breathability may be limited compared to natural materials, which can lead to a warmer climate inside the diaper.
  • Softness: Microfiber is soft and feels comfortable on the skin but can lead to dryness or chafing with direct contact with the baby's skin.
  • Drying Time: One of the biggest advantages of microfiber is its quick drying time, making it a practical option for frequent washing.
  • Skin Compatibility: Microfiber should not be in direct contact with the baby's skin, as the fabric absorbs moisture so efficiently that it can draw moisture away from the skin, leading to dryness.
  • Environmental Impact and Sustainability: As a synthetic material, microfiber is less environmentally friendly than natural alternatives. Its production can be energy-intensive, and the fabric may release microplastics during washing.

Pros and Cons:

  • Pros: Microfiber is known for its quick absorbency and drying time, making it a convenient choice for everyday use. Additionally, microfiber products are cost-effective to purchase.
  • Cons: The potential for irritating the baby's skin, limited breathability, and environmental concerns are disadvantages that must be weighed against the advantages. Moreover, microfiber releases absorbed liquid under pressure, which can be problematic during longer wear times.


PUL is an innovative material used in modern cloth diaper production, especially for covers. We at Judes rely on 100% certified recycled PUL to maximize the sustainability and functionality of our products.

  • Absorbency: PUL itself has no absorbency, as its main function is to serve as a waterproof yet breathable barrier in cloth diaper covers.
  • Breathability: Despite its waterproof properties, PUL allows for some air circulation, supporting skin respiration and reducing the risk of diaper rash.
  • Softness: PUL is soft and flexible, making it a comfortable choice for baby skin without restricting movement.
  • Drying Time: Since PUL is water-repellent, it dries quickly, which facilitates care routines and ensures quick reuse.
  • Skin Compatibility: The material is skin-friendly, making it ideal for sensitive skin. Its smooth surface effectively protects without drying out the skin.
  • Environmental Impact and Sustainability: The use of 100% certified recycled PUL, as in Judes, significantly improves the environmental impact of the material. It reduces the need for new raw materials and decreases waste by promoting the longevity of the diaper covers.

Pros and Cons:

  • Pros: PUL offers an excellent combination of waterproofing, breathability, quick drying time, and skin compatibility. The use of recycled PUL further emphasizes a commitment to environmental protection.
  • Cons: As a synthetic material, the production of PUL can be energy-intensive. However, since Judes uses recycled PUL, this disadvantage is negated. It even becomes an advantage, as it saves resources and protects the environment.
Judes Baby und Kleinkind auf Teppich Stoffwindel Einlagen Material

Photo by @igel.naeherei

How to Combine Diaper Liner Materials for Optimal Performance?

The right combination of diaper liner materials can be crucial to achieve maximum absorbency and dryness. Different materials bring distinct properties that, when combined, can optimize the performance of the diaper. Judes makes it particularly easy for you, as the diapers consist of only two parts: An absorbent inner diaper and a water-repellent cover. More on that later.

Combination examples:

  • Hemp and Cotton: Hemp offers high absorbency while cotton provides quick moisture absorption. Together, they are ideal for long wear times and overnight.
  • Boosters: For additional absorbency, especially during overnight hours or for heavy wetting, boosters made from the same or complementary materials as the main liner can be used. A booster made of organic cotton, as by Judes, enhances the diaper without compromising comfort or breathability.

Right combinations for different needs:

  • For longer wear times: A combination of hemp and cotton maximizes absorbency.
  • For newborns: Softer materials such as organic cotton are gentle on the skin yet offer effective absorbency.

The choice and combination of materials depend on the individual needs of the baby and the preferences of the parents. Judes recommends preferring natural and skin-friendly materials like organic cotton to ensure the highest comfort and protection for the baby while also contributing to environmental protection.

How to Care for Cloth Diaper Liners and How Sustainable Are They?

The proper care for cloth diaper liners is crucial to maximize their lifespan and minimize environmental impact. Here are some basic care tips and sustainability notes:

Care Instructions:

  • General Care: Before first use, cloth diapers should be washed at least once to increase absorbency. Use a mild, eco-friendly detergent and avoid fabric softeners, as they can impair absorbency.
  • Washing: Wash the liners at 60 degrees Celsius to ensure thorough cleaning without damaging the materials.
  • Drying: Air drying is the most environmentally friendly and gentle option. However, Judes makes it particularly easy for you, as our diapers can also be simply put in the dryer.
  • Wool Liners: These require special care, including regular lanolin treatment, to maintain their water-repellent properties.

Sustainability Tips:

  • Water Conservation: Reduce water use by compiling full loads and using a water-saving washing machine.
  • Energy Efficiency: Wash with cold or warm water instead of hot, and use the sun for drying to save energy.
  • Promoting Durability: Proper care extends the life of the liners and decreases the need to buy new products.

For more information on washing and caring for cloth diapers, visit our blog.

Judes Baby on Washing Machine Stack of Cloth Diaper Liner Material

Photo by @jasminstadlhofer

What Different Types of Inserts Are There and What Are They Used For?

Cloth diaper inserts are available in various types that can be customized according to need and situation. Each type has specific properties that affect absorbency and wearing comfort.

  • Inserts: Versatile liners that can be inserted directly into pocket diapers or laid on prefolds and flats. They are a pragmatic solution for everyday use and can be made from materials such as cotton or bamboo.
  • Boosters: Used in addition to another liner to increase absorbency, especially useful for overnight or heavy wetters. Boosters made of organic cotton are an eco-friendly option that provides extra absorption without adding much bulk.
  • Prefolds: These are pre-folded cloth rectangles that can be folded multiple times for extra absorbency. They are complicated to use but cost-effective and offer a flexible fit.
  • Flats: These are large, square pieces of fabric that can be folded into various shapes. They are versatile, easy to wash, and quick-drying.

Here, Judes makes it particularly easy for you, as our diapers consist of an absorbent inner diaper and a waterproof outer cover. With our diapers, there's no need to fold or adjust anything; you put them on your child just like a disposable diaper - very simple. To increase absorbency, simply add one of our boosters to the diaper, ensuring safety and dryness throughout the night or on long car rides.

Placement and Care

  • The correct placement of the inserts is crucial to prevent leaks. Ensure that the insert is completely covered by the outer cover, without protruding over the edges. The components of Judes are perfectly matched, making them easy to put on and ensuring the inner diaper is covered by the outer cover.
  • The care of the inserts depends on the material. Cotton and hemp can be washed at higher temperatures, while wool inserts require special care instructions.

Pros and Cons

  • Inserts and boosters offer easy customization options, but may require more time for diaper assembly.
  • Prefolds and flats are cost-effective and easy to maintain but require a learning curve for correct folding.

The choice of the appropriate type of insert depends on the individual needs of your baby, the desired absorbency, and preferred care properties. For extended wear times or overnight, combinations of several types of inserts are recommended to achieve optimal performance. Choosing sustainable materials like organic cotton also contributes to environmental protection and supports a healthy lifestyle.

How to Best Choose Cloth Diaper Inserts?

Choosing the right cloth diaper inserts is crucial to ensure the comfort and satisfaction of your baby. At the same time, they offer a sustainable and budget-friendly solution. Here are some tips:

  • Consider needs and budget: Start by considering how often you intend to wash and what kind of absorbency is needed. For longer wearing times or overnight, highly absorbent materials like organic cotton are recommended.
  • Select materials: Natural fabrics like organic cotton are skin-friendly and environmentally conscious. At Judes, you can find a 2-pack of organic cotton booster inserts for cloth diapers that offer an excellent addition to any cloth diaper.
  • Customization: Customize the diapers and inserts to the individual needs of your baby. Use boosters for extra absorbency and choose breathable covers made of PUL for maximum comfort.
  • Care: Choose inserts that are easy to care for. Organic cotton, for example, is not only absorbent but also easy to wash and dry, which simplifies maintenance.

Diapering Sustainably with Judes Cloth Diapers

Judes stands for sustainability, simplicity and health – values that resonate with every family. With a focus on eco-friendly materials and a simple diaper system, Judes allows parents to make a conscious decision for the future of their baby and the planet.

Judes' cloth diapers consist of an inner diaper made of 100% organic cotton and a waterproof outer cover made of PUL, with the option to add boosters if needed.

This combination not only ensures excellent absorbency and dryness, but also easy handling and care. Choose cloth diapers and cloth diaper accessories from Judes for an eco-friendly, simple and healthy diapering solution that benefits you and your baby alike.


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